Missile Silos For Sale

Each complex consisted of three missile silos controlled by a single launch center and supported by a network of underground fuel storage tanks, equipment terminal, antennas, and. The Polaris was deployed on missile submarines in 1960. TERMS: $300,000 down balance @ 7% interest only all due in 3 years. Missile Silos For Sale - Jan 2021 - Globalreal-estate. These have security and blast resistant construction that can withstand any attack. Yes, a missile silo. Related: A market for silos. Missile silo up for sale, ready to become family home Have you ever wanted a quiet little place in the mountains with a private runway and acres of land? If so, we've got the place for you. That place might be a shack on the beach, a cabin deep in the woods, a reproduction of a medieval castle, or some even more fanciful location. We know the standards used to construct these sites. Now, the Kansas property is for sale for $3. Shirts are seen for sale in a gift shop at the Titan Missile Museum on May 12, 2015 in Green Valley, Arizona. WTF! LOL dude dont you think someone would notice a missile launching in the middle of pennsylvannia!? i think there more out west like nevada and new mexico or maybe up north like montana so unless you want to take a road trip, i doubt you are gonna find it. To overcome these obstacles, development was begun in the late 1950s on a missile powered by solid fuel. 2 Cold War-era nuclear missile silos that sat abandoned for decades went on sale in Arizona for $495,000 each. Please note that pending board approval, Boing Boing's new secret headquarters shall be this "decommisioned" underground missile silo pending sale for $300k in Roswell, New Mexico where our space. The four large snakes, including a female nearly 16 feet in length, turned up inside two old bunkers at a site where the U. Elite doomsday preppers looking for a fixer-upper might want to consider this 3,200-square-foot Atlas F missile silo. A decommissioned missile silo in Ellenburg Center, NY, has blasted onto the market for $600,000. Credit: Ed Thelen's Nike Missile Page. The silo was connected to the missile control center by a 250-foot long access tunnel. 3 - 160' Tall Missile Silo. A van ride out to the bunker is next. June 9, 2015, 5:51 am. This property also features an above-ground Quonset hut, which was used for storage by the military and has since been turned into a residence. 1 Upgrade Progression 2 Upgrade Experience (XP) 3 Appearance Progression 4 State of Repair 5 Drone Silo Compatible Aircraft 6 Building Function 6. 3 February 2010. From 1964 to 1975, roughly 244 test launches were carried out, including Pershing and Athena RTV missiles. A time capsule - wrapped up and closed since 2016 to prevent vandals and curious explorers. The missile silo, itself. Light browning with minor margin wear, otherwise in nice condition. SILOS & GRAIN BINS. The Air Base was a great source of pride for me growing up. Other news of the day. missile silos in ohio for sale. 3 people watched. titan two missile silo for sale, Nov 27, 1987 · Owen Sims, a cattle farmer, says he is breathing easier now that the last Titan 2 nuclear missile silo, situated over a ridge less than 2,000 feet from his home, has been dismantled. A decommissioned missile silo in Ellenburg Center, New York, has blasted onto the market for $600,000. Skip to Navigation; Skip to Main Content; Skip to Related Content; Mail. Skip to comments. government built hundreds of Atlas-F defensive missile silos in the event thermonuclear war were to erupt. Used Silos for sale Buy used Silos on classified. Starting in 1958, nuclear-armed Atlas missiles were assigned to several U. A couple spent 30 years renovating a nuclear missile silo into an underground castle. com/money/sale-decommissioned-missile-silo-40-feet-underground-6C10262995 The U. Listed below are the nine Atlas E complexes which were assigned to the 567th SMS at Fairchild AFB in Spokane, Washington. He bought this one in 2008 for $300,000 and spent six years developing it. If you’re in the market for a fixer-upper, there's a unique opportunity south of the Valley. For sale: Decommissioned missile silo, 40 feet underground 87 Hale Hill Lane, Lewis, N. Inside the former government missile silo turned state-of-the-art, underground condo complex with a pool and bar. From 1964 to 1975, roughly 244 test launches were carried out, including Pershing and Athena RTV missiles. 5 Million Cash or TRADE 1031 Exchangethis has a Clean Bill of health by the Army corps of engineers. This team fired an intercontinental ballistic missile last year to prove the. We offer silos for mortar starting at a 22. All missiles were held in underground launch silos. Cyclone is a well-known and trusted name in the rural industry with a proven reputation spanning generations of farmers. For instance, the missile field of F. Grain silo turned into a fake missile, on the property of Patriot Fireworks. You have to drive down the road and past some fields until you see the "No Trespassing" sign. The Titan 1 Missile Silo is for sale for $4. • Underground storage facility (millions of square feet) • Flat land above, ready to add more storage or trucking facilities. Not to be confused with the one in Indiana, nor the one some 15 miles away in Plattsburgh, N. Missile Launcher 3D models for download, files in 3ds, max, c4d, maya, blend, obj, fbx with low poly, animated, rigged, game, and VR options. pdfs & diagrams. A few months back I stumbled upon a Zillow listing of a real, actual out of commission nuclear missile silo for sale to the general public in Arizona. By 2001, there were various reports that North Korea had deployed between 100-450 Nodongs. The first Titan II ICBMs were activated in 1962, and modified Titan IIs were selected to launch NASA’s Gemini spacecraft into orbit during the mid-1960s. 5E6! Includes such amenities as: 1100 gallon hot tub, sauna,3 finished baths, 47 ton garage door, 66,000 lb. Raellus 06-04-2008, 02:33 PM At the risk of sounding like a broken record, I live about two miles from a old Titan missile silo. Skip to Navigation; Skip to Main Content; Skip to Related Content; Mail. This silo lies in the middle of nowhere, amid vast fields, leading to its creepy appearance. The walls are over 8 ft thick mixed with a polymer in the concrete, and Atlas F`s are considered one of t. Missile Silos For Sale - Jan 2021 - Globalreal-estate. The Power Dome alone is 125' in diameter with about a 65' center ceiling. We have built well over 40,000 silos since 1916. Federal Equipment Company has used silos for sale that can meet the needs of your application. The museum is located in a preserved Tour guide waits at a blast lock for guests inside a Titan II silo at the Titan Missile Museum on May 12, 2015 in Green Valley, Arizona. While this was ‘sticking’, differential air pressure sometimes made it. Page 1 of 2 1 2 Next >. For Sale: On 23 mostly wooded acres, a nearly 4,000-square-foot, custom-built home with four bedrooms, six baths, an outdoor swimming pool … and three underground, 1950s-era U. Today, missile removed, and replaced with a decoy, the silo is available for all to see. in diameter, and made of 14-inch-thick reinforced cement walls. Reading the above twice, I feel dirty. According to Wikipedia, in the 1950s the U. It is roughly 100 feet down with another 50-70 feet of stagnant water, probably fuel, other liquids, and who knows what else. In the late 70 s I had an ecounter with a security force after getting to close to one while hiking f. The thought of the cold walls and dark depths of the missile silo as someone’s last vision is an image is a poignant one. This became the military post of the second division of the 571st Missile Regiment, which started duty in 1965. A former Sprint anti-ballistic missile (ABM) site in Fairdale, North Dakota, is now available for sale. Arts Titan Missile Base for Sale posted by Jen Graves on October 11 at 10:46 AM Seattle artist Tar Art Rat (currently based in Berlin) today posted an item on his blog about the eBay sale of a decommissioned 1950s underground missile base near Moses Lake. The site is owned by Leslie Volochenko who had intended to refurbish it to its former glory. New & Used Tanks & Silos for sale in online auctions of surplus, salvage, scrap, damaged, bankrupt inventories. 125' Diameter Power Dome Bldg. Missile silos are underground bunkers that were built to implement — and withstand — atomic blasts. Circular design: A floor plan of one the subterranean apartments built on the site of a decommissioned missile site. Easy owner financing available with only $500k down! Own your very own Missile Base! This Titan 1 Missile Silo The Titan 1C facility was built in the early 1960s at a cost of $170,000,000 (1960's dollars). 3 people watched. In March of 2014 an underground dwelling in Las Vegas (pictured above) closed at $1. Specializing in models for fantasy, roleplaying, collectible miniatures and related products. And on the upside, an abandoned missile silo home with some acreage may cost over $1 million. 3-acre lot in Lewis, New York, holds endless possibilities. Related Article: Nuclear Missile Silo for Sale in the Arizona Desert – Take a Look Inside Pifer’s are holding their auction on August 11th, reporting lots of interest. KOB's Lauren Hansard reports it also comes with underground tunnels and aboveground acreage. When the cement powder silo for sale works, special crane will erect it and place it on a prefabricated concrete foundation. The site of a former missile silo is for sale in Missouri. The rocket, the nation's most powerful intercontinental ballistic missile, is supposed to be able to carry a 24-megaton warhead to targets 6,300 miles away. Atlas Missile Silo 579-10, Roswell, NM 88203. missile silos in ohio for sale. Categories Video Shock and Awe Equipment. Former Titan Nuclear Missile Silo for Sale in Arizona By Claudine Zap | Nov 22, 2019 A relic of the Cold War created some serious heat when it landed on the market in Catalina, AZ. For a little more than two years, from 1962 to 1965, the complex of three Titan missile silos hidden beneath tons of concrete acted as a nuclear deterrent as the U. At one time who knows perhaps we still do Arizona had Titan II missile silo s around Tucson. The remaining missile silo is located a few miles east of Cooperstown at November-33. These silos are engineered for 95 lbs. Government Property for Sale or Disposal GSA frequently has surplus personal and real property which it makes available for sale or lease by qualified parties. Browse 213 Silo on Houzz Whether you want inspiration for planning silo or are building designer silo from scratch, Houzz has 213 pictures from the best designers, decorators, and architects in the country, including Blue Sound Construction, Inc. • home • atlas missile bases • titan missile bases • minuteman missile bases • manufactures • s. You can soon own a former United States bunker and missile site in North Dakota used during the Cold War, but it needs "some" work. The prices for buying underground homes vary widely. Facebook: Following both will result in double posts, chose one or the other, Group recommended. 3 people watched. SILOS & GRAIN BINS. exterior has been extensively cleared, single phase power, high security fencing and emergency backup generator installed. Aired: 01/10/17. LONA, LIBYA - SEPTEMBER 29: Missile silos form part of weapon caches abandoned by the Gadaffi regime in the desert at the military base of Lona on September 29, 2011 in Lona, 120km north of Jufra. , site had been the home of an Atlas-F missile, 100 times more powerful than the atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki. On Sunday, August 27, 2017 a 21-year-old mountain climber was confirmed dead following a fall on the 14,000-foot Capitol Peak located near Aspen, Colorado. I've heard some of the Atlas and Titan sites being sold to the public Mar 11, 2006 #7. GSA frequently has surplus personal and real property which it makes available for sale or lease by qualified parties. 31, during which time Hill will discuss the facility’s. It was designed as a virtual underground city with independent power, water, sewer, kitchen, bathrooms, sleeping quarters, and air filtration. For Information on this property please call(949) 842-9479 Bari Hotchkiss [email protected] 125' Diameter Power Dome Bldg. Forty feet underground is the actual residence, set in a decommissioned missile silo. 3 – 160′ Tall Missile Silo 3 – (4 story) Equipment Terminal Bldgs 2 – Antenna Silos 100′ Diameter Control Dome Bldg. Located just off the I-90, the silo would once have been watched with state of the art security systems. And on the upside, an abandoned missile silo home with some acreage may cost over $1 million. FITCHBURG SENTINEL, Fitchburg, Massachusetts, August 10, 1965 This 16 page newspaper has a three column headline on the front page: "53 Bodies Taken From Missile Silo" with related photo. Site needs some repair,. The 98-foot-long, two-stage missile was fueled by kerosene (RP-1 fuel) and liquid oxygen, and was designed to carry nuclear warheads. This silo lies in the middle of nowhere, amid vast fields, leading to its creepy appearance. Located just 30 minutes south of Canada in Fairdale, North Dakota, the 50-acre site will go up for auction on August 11. In the late 70 s I had an ecounter with a security force after getting to close to one while hiking f. Atlas F Missile Silo A chance for a buyer to purchase one of the most unique properties in the world for a fraction of the $150 million dollars it would cost the government to build today. In March of 2014 an underground dwelling in Las Vegas (pictured above) closed at $1. 567th SMS, Fairchild AFB Spokane, Washington. Nine missile silos near Spokane sit abandoned or fill nonmilitary uses, but in the fall of 1962, their nuclear warheads were poised to strike Sun. Access requires completing Officer on Deck. Coast & Geodetic Survey established first-order level lines to each of the missile sites, so there should be precise bench marks in the immediate vicinity of each site. A quick search on google leads you to Missile Bases [missilebases. We stopped by and checked out the concrete silo cover. There are up to four tours daily during the summer months enabling visitors to walk around the missile field and visit the underground bunker. Here is a clear shot of one of the abandoned missile silos. Used Silos for sale Buy used Silos on classified. Delta-01 is a real-life decommissioned missile launch facility. Another Underground Missile Silo House for Sale http://www. From the ebay listing: If you are only interested in using the place as a residence then you have your choice of 16 buildings to choose from. Related Videos. Elite doomsday preppers looking for a fixer-upper might want to consider this 3,200-square-foot Atlas F missile silo. FOR10 SILO MISSILE. Instead, the missile base hosted another ICBM built at Dnipro, the smaller RT-23 (SS‑24 Scalpel) ballistic missiles. A dozen or so are scattered through the country — one popped up for sale in Saranac, N. 3-acre lot in Lewis, New York, holds endless possibilities. An underground Titan missile silo site east of Picacho Peak listed in November sold within weeks for more than. August 22, 2012. Categories Video Shock and Awe Equipment. In the late 70 s I had an ecounter with a security force after getting to close to one while hiking f. A 10-story deep missile silo near Roswell, New Mexico may be the place for you. Missile Base Specialists. A “20 th Century Fort,” the LAMB in Taylor County lies in the Forts Trail Region which showcases the heritage, natural beauty, and rich culture of a 29-county region of Central West Texas for the benefit and enjoyment of Texans and travelers. John's Gate, formerly the Black Horse Peak Launch Complex MT-68 is a location in the Holland Valley region of Far Cry 5. Southern Arizona is a hot real estate market for decommissioned nuclear missile silos. Built in 1955 at beginning of the paranoid notions that the Soviet Union would use aircraft to drop a atomic weapon on New York City. 3 February 2010. The lot has several mature trees and is surrounded by rolling hills and farms with beautiful 360 degree views. The silo has been decommissioned, but it was once the home of the Titan II, which was the largest intercontinental ballistic missile in the Air Force’s arsenal. This property also features an above-ground Quonset hut, which was used for storage by the military and has since been turned into a residence. Complete your Pere Ubu collection. A “20 th Century Fort,” the LAMB in Taylor County lies in the Forts Trail Region which showcases the heritage, natural beauty, and rich culture of a 29-county region of Central West Texas for the benefit and enjoyment of Texans and travelers. A drop test of the RS-28 Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missile (Image: TASS). Take a look at these weird and wonderful abandoned bunkers for sale. from Soviet ballistic missiles. And that buyer, a Tucson resident, has some serious plans cooked up. BOMB SHELTERS IN GENERAL. The first missile silo was listed in November 2019 for $395,000, and sold for $420,000. This property, for sale by owner, was one of 4 Sprint Missile Sites located approximately 10-20 miles from a central radar control site. See Our Inventory. It’s a pyramid-shaped missile silo that was part of the Safeguard program, an elaborate missile-defense system meant to protect the U. Specializing in models for fantasy, roleplaying, collectible miniatures and related products. metal flat bed for dual wheel pick up truck. Two more decommissioned Cold War-era missile silos have entered the Arizona real estate market after one northwest of Tucson sold for more than the asking price. 5 minutes at 28. 3 people watched. A once top-secret nuclear missile silo, only a 30-minute drive from Tucson, AZ, has gone up for sale at an asking price. Warren AFB became the nation's first operational Intercontinental Ballistic Missile base with the introduction of the Atlas missile in 1958. Both the Titan and the Minuteman missiles were deployed in 1962, with the mobile Peacekeeper in 1986. " Eric Berger - Oct 19, 2018 11:00 am UTC. site photos. Courtesy of Bari Hotchkiss (Courtesy of Bari Hotchkiss / The Spokesman. Aug 9, 2015 - Discover Cold War Bunkers transformed into amazing homes, business's, "bug out" retreat centers, or raw and abandoned waiting for new life. This is just to illustrate that these properties ARE out there that are affordable. A former US missile base that hosted Nike surface-to-air missiles in the 1960s to protect American nuclear warheads from a Soviet missile attack from Cuba is being sold on eBay for just over half a million dollars. You would walk down a concrete corridor/tunnel from the control center to the silo, but it would end with nice long drop to the bottom, or to the doors 30' or so above. 1 x silo, 3 x silo doors, 1 x missile, 1 x rocket battery. This property, for sale by owner, was one of 4 Sprint Missile Sites located approximately 10-20 miles from a central radar control site. GoldAndSilverMines. • Underground storage facility (millions of square feet) • Flat land above, ready to add more storage or trucking facilities. From maintaining and repairing silos, to converting bottom unloading to top unloading, to building a brand new silo, Hanson is your one-stop shop for all of your silo needs. Not sure if and how they think they solved it. All buildings. The Missile Silo Complex Layout, Click to download. and Integrated Site Design, Inc. This property can easily be built out to fill any role you would like!. 5 Million Cash or TRADE 1031 Exchangethis has a Clean Bill of health by the Army corps of engineers. They look like specialized realtors to me. Accordingly, are there any missile silos in Texas? Valhalla is a decommissioned Atlas-F hardened nuclear missile silo located near Abilene, Texas. The US thus had a bunch of unused and unwanted missile silo facilities for sale, and enterprising Americans bought them up. Air Force facility for support, deployment and launch of the largest ICBM missile system ever made. Quonsets (Two Buildings; 8000 Square Feet) Steel Master Buildings (40'X 100' X 19 feet tall) Large double door opening 20' X 13'6" per Building Two Man Doors per Building Four Skylights per Building. These days, $1. In some parts of the country a structure dug into the side of a hill may cost under $50,000. "This is the coolest listing I've had to date," his realtor tells the. This property also features an above-ground Quonset hut, which was used for storage by the. RITZVILLE (AP) -- About 10 years ago, a developer from Orange County, Calif. America built 107 missile bases around the country during the arms race in the 1960s, including the Atlas F Missile Silo located about 130 miles north of Albany. The 568th Strategic Missile Squadron complexes were underground with super-hardened silos. Specializing in models for fantasy, roleplaying, collectible miniatures and related products. And each 1,800 square feet condo sells for a cool $2 million. more Located on private property, Titan 1 Missile Silo is an old missile silo used for the Titan I missile. The W-31 warhead had four variants offering 2, 10, 20 and 30 kiloton yields. government built hundreds of Atlas-F defensive missile silos in the event thermonuclear war were to erupt. Titan II Missile Silos were built near Wichita, Kansas. When I needed a break from writing the series, I found myself scrolling around Nebraska and Colorado, looking for silos and. Derelict missile silo located north of Tucson on sale. in December 2011. Each one exceptional in how they were constructed. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories. Warren AFB became the nation's first operational Intercontinental Ballistic Missile base with the introduction of the Atlas missile in 1958. From a decommissioned Atlas F missile silo in Kansas, to a private island fort in Wales, these properties will allow you to. Within seconds of an actual missile launch, the missile silo door in a nearby field opens and the missile is launched. Primed to send its nuclear payload into the air within 30 minutes, by order. Atlas Missile Silo Construction. Some welcoming words. Warren AFB, Wyoming. ) This article is copyrighted by History Nebraska (formerly the Nebraska State Historical Society). This Atlas-F nuclear missile silo — decommissioned, of course — is one of a dozen around Roswell, New Mexico, a remote town best known as the site of a supposed flying-saucer crash in 1947. Yes, a missile silo. This Atlas F Nuclear Missile Silo sits on over 20 acres of land in the Adirondacks with Whiteface views. Elite doomsday preppers looking for a fixer-upper might want to consider this 3,200-square-foot Atlas F missile silo. An auction for the converted missile site began on eBay last month with a minimum price of $2. The silos, located in Dillsboro, were large enough to store a 41-foot Nike missile in an underground magazine, which could be raised out of the ground by a hydraulic elevator and be ready for launch. Here are a few details about this UNIQUE property for sale: In the 1960s, AT&T, in conjunction with the Department of Defense, built and operated many hardened underground communication facilities. Located just 30 minutes south of Canada in Fairdale, North Dakota, the 50-acre site will go up for auction on August 11. Skip to comments. Missile Silos For Sale - Jan 2021 - Globalreal-estate. • home • atlas missile bases • titan missile bases • minuteman missile bases • manufactures • s. The property surrounded by security fence also includes 10 storage buildings and former barracks. *Note* I have not done business with these people, or know how credible they are. For Sale: 1960s Missile Site, Bring Your Own Missiles. 20th Century Castles offers missile bases, communications bunkers, silos and other unique, underground properties. Old missile silos for sale on eBay. Buy minuteman missile canvas prints designed by millions of independent artists from all over the world. The entire missile is encased in a canister in the silo to protect it against damage and to permit "cold launch". From 1963 until the early 1990’s, rotating sets of two Americans would spend hours of pure boredom punctuated by moments of acute panic locked down in this bunker. 1 days ago. 1 x silo, 3 x silo doors, 1 x missile, 1 x rocket battery. Part of an animation used in government agency presentations. In 2012 while searching for land, Volochenko stumbled upon this site. It is roughly 100 feet down with another 50-70 feet of stagnant water, probably fuel, other liquids, and who knows what else. Related: A market for silos. Completed in 1961, the property is a former Air Force installation housing an Atlas-E intercontinental missile base, one of nine such national defense sites operated by the 548th Strategic Missile Squadron based at. 100' Diameter Control Dome Bldg. The missile silos were 160-feet deep. more Located on private property, Titan 1 Missile Silo is an old missile silo used for the Titan I missile. The main silo is 180ft tall from the base to the blast doors. Millions to build. At the time this feature on the missile installation near Belt was published in March 1977, Montana. Four (1A, 1B, 1C and 2A) are located on the Former Lowry Bombing and Gunnery Range (FLBGR) east of Aurora. To overcome these obstacles, development was begun in the late 1950s on a missile powered by solid fuel. Published 6 years ago: June 27, 2015 at 5:00 am- There is not an underground bunker or missile silo. This property was one of four Sprint Missile Sites located approximately 10-20 miles from a central radar control site. It's the opening to an old 1960s Titan Missile Silo. All missiles were held in underground launch silos. Properties for Sale. There was an emergency escape hatch which could only be used from within the LCC. A Cold War-era missile silo in rural northeast Kansas that housed a nuclear warhead 65 years ago and was later converted into an underground mansion is now finding a new lease on life as an Airbnb. The Power Dome alone is 125' in diameter with about a 65' center ceiling. The silo was covered with a steel and concrete door that weighed 740 tons and could be opened in 17 to 20 seconds. Southern Arizona is a hot real estate market for decommissioned nuclear missile silos. For sale by its American owner, a New York doctor, for $9,000,000. The missile was brought down by the United States … antimissile program…. Buried 60 feet underground and encased in four feet of concrete and steel, the bunker was designed to withstand a direct nuclear missile strike! Able to launch from its underground silo in just 58 seconds, the Titan II was capable of delivering a 9-megaton nuclear warhead to targets more than 6300 miles away in about 30 minutes. Atlas Obscura writes,"Some calls have been from history buffs, some from entrepreneurs, and some from doomsday preppers, seeking a solid foundation on which to build their. Exclusive Highlights and Recruiting Interviews. Nebraska, 1958-1962 (Article begins on page 2 below. The base also had the trucks used to transport the missiles to their silos, as well as the secure trailer used to transport and install the warhead itself. It only stretches about a mile across this remote area. living in a missile silo has ALWAYS been my true dream!!! "the Atlas-D silos is the best houses ever, There is many a reason for a silo to be up for sale. The missile silo is a huge structure with a 52' inside diameter and is approximately 185' deep. Rare Sprint Missile Site Northern North Dakota. Find out more about owning a lighthouse, and where to look to buy one!. Most missile silos in the United States have been abandoned, Hall said. We specialize in gold mines, silver mines, copper mines, and a wide variety of industrial minerals including coal, oil and gas. Forty feet underground is the actual residence, set in a decommissioned missile silo. in December 2011. News Report - An abandoned ICBM missile silo put up for sale in America. Ex-nuclear missile silo for sale as home A decommissioned intercontinental ballistic missile launch facility in Saranac, N. Waukesha County Wisconsin Farms for Sale WI Hobby Farmettes Farmland - Farmhouses With one or more Farm Features - 1 Silo, 2 Silos, 21-25 Stanchions, 30. This one has three underground missile silos that measure 160-ft deep and 40-ft wide. Within the silo was a steel framework that housed both the missile and the elevator that carried it to the surface. the missile silo itself is one of the few remaining atlas f silos that is naturally dry, with many interior levels and crib structure. This cold-war era missile site was active from 1961 to 1965 and housed one Atlas rocket and one war head. Missile Silo. Our minuteman missile canvas art is stretched on 1. This property is a 1960 era Atlas E Missile Site that has been converted into a self-sufficient home. America built 107 missile bases around the country during the arms race in the 1960s, including the Atlas F Missile Silo located about 130 miles north of Albany. A “20 th Century Fort,” the LAMB in Taylor County lies in the Forts Trail Region which showcases the heritage, natural beauty, and rich culture of a 29-county region of Central West Texas for the benefit and enjoyment of Texans and travelers. The current bid is $30,000, but interested parties should note that this lighthouse is accessible only by boat and will remain an "active aid to navigation after the sale to the high bidder. General Services Administration, in partnership with the Army Corps of Engineers, announced Wednesday that the public sale by auction of the former Stanley R. Property Description PRICE: $1,200,000. This property, for sale by owner, was one of 4 Sprint Missile Sites located approximately 10-20 miles from a central radar control site. Homes Details: Nuclear missile complex for sale on - New York Daily News. This became the military post of the second division of the 571st Missile Regiment, which started duty in 1965. 3 people watched. 90TH MISSILE WING Francis E. Cheap Land for Sale in Kansas! Buy Cheap Land in Kansas! Hunting land, ranch homes, farm houses in central, northeast Kansas. Missile silo for sale ultimate survival shelter 2012 shelter fallout military atlas-f missile bases for sale, Silohome. Listed below are the nine Atlas E complexes which were assigned to the 567th SMS at Fairchild AFB in Spokane, Washington. We have 7 properties for sale listed as underground shelter tennessee, from just $79,000. 50 deactivated MT missile silos to be filled in Associated Press Jan 23, 2014 Jan 23, 2014 Updated Jan 23, 2014 {{featured_button_text}} A Malmstrom Air Force Base missile maintenance team removes. Two more decommissioned Cold War missile launching facilities have entered the Arizona real estate market after one northwest of Tucson sold for more than the asking price. Shop with confidence. missile confer. The thought of the cold walls and dark depths of the missile silo as someone’s last vision is an image is a poignant one. 8, 2020 photo shows decommissioned Titan II Missile silo complex 570-1 off Arizona 77 near Oracle, Ariz. Nike Missile Type Key. As far as survival silos go, this is a renovator’s delight. According to Windermere real estate agent Kelvin Wallin, 18 Titan 1 missile sites were built during the years 1959-1962 between Colorado and Washington state. Missile Launcher 3D models for download, files in 3ds, max, c4d, maya, blend, obj, fbx with low poly, animated, rigged, game, and VR options. Missile Silos For Sale - Jan 2021 - Globalreal-estate. Located in Upstate New York, the 185-acre property's backstory reads like a concept for a graphic novel. The Air Base was a great source of pride for me growing up. There are people who like to rennovate these old Silos into homes which are earthquake-proof, nuke-proof, and pretty much everything else-proof. Photograph: Casey James with Luxe Realty Photography. The Titan II was the largest land-based missile ever deployed by the US. If the North Koreans had excavated a vertical missile silo, they likely would have saved the soil from that effort to be used around the bunker. America built 107 missile bases around the country during the arms race in the 1960s, including the Atlas F Missile Silo located about 130 miles north of Albany. I have come to get inside. We specialize in Underground Doomsday Disaster Safety Survival Bunkers, Bomb Fallout Tornado Storm Shelters, Panic Safe Rooms and Shipping Containers. Matt Novak. 40 feet underground lays an old missile silo in Roswell with a lot of history. It might be the safest home for sale in all of New Mexico. Giant rooms and silos. Matt Novak. "Just recently a missile silo site sold for $2. Roadtrippers Magazine shines a light on the people, places, and road trips that perfectly intersect popular culture and the obscure. In September 1981, when the Reagan administration decided to deactivated the Titan II missiles, 53 silos were destroyed in accordance with the SALT treaty. Talking to PRWeb, Goshia said he never did anything with the missile site. The main silo is 180ft tall from the base to the blast doors. There are three silos on the former Larsen Air Force Base missile complex. Features The Minuteman is a strategic weapon system using a ballistic missile of intercontinental range. 2 million — see inside Mary Meisenzahl Jan 17, 2020, 2:40 AM. Much of the place is now in disrepair. The Missile Base close. A missile silo is for sale and can be yours if you want it. A dozen or so are scattered through the country — one popped up for sale in Saranac, N. Millions to build. Other news of the day. podcast #2 65 min in joe talks about LSD William Leonard Pickard - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia William Leonard Pickard Image of William Leonard Pickard Born (1945-10-21) October 21, 1945 (age 69) DeKalb County, Georgia Occupation lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) manufacturing Criminal. The property surrounded by security fence also includes 10 storage buildings and former barracks. Buy and sell grain storage silos at best prices on Farm Tender. "I say come out and look, make an offer, and you can have your underground castle right away," said realtor Jim Moore. 5 billion sale of a Patriot anti-missile system to NATO ally Poland. below ground, is about 25 ft. Minuteman missile silo, 1977 A view from the bottom of a Minuteman ICBM silo is shown in 1977. The missile silo is a huge structure with a 52' inside diameter and is approximately 185' deep. Warren Air Force Base includes portions of western Nebraska, northern Colorado, and eastern Wyoming, an area of more than 12,000 square miles. "It is still sealed and waiting to be. Two more nuclear missile silos for sale in southern Arizona. D= Either, increaed access room in the magazine. This one has three underground missile silos that measure 160-ft deep and 40-ft wide. A map of where underground missile complexes were located is further down this page. government built hundreds of Atlas-F defensive missile silos in the event thermonuclear war were to erupt. This silo was once filled with many levels of equipment to service, fuel and guide the missile. I got a sense of how much infrastructure went to support these missiles. America built 107 missile bases around the country during the arms race in the 1960s, including the Atlas F Missile Silo located about 130 miles north of Albany. Find by county by owner. Within the silo the missile and its support system were supported by a steel framework called the crib, which hung from the walls of the silo on four sets of huge springs. Putting a camera where there was no camera that night, Kenner brings this nonfiction thriller to life with stunning original footage shot in a decommissioned Titan II missile silo. Decommissioned Cold War nuclear missile silo yours for $570k. Thousands of equipment listings on RockandDirt. When the Titan II missiles were decommissioned in 1984, the government caved in the silos with explosives, filled in the access shafts and put the properties up for sale, the newspaper reported. For every missile there was an underground command center (called a capsule) with two military officers on duty for 24 hours at a time, each one holding a launch key. Browse from a range of new and used grain silos listings or post your own for free. America built 107 missile bases around the country during the arms race in the 1960s, including the Atlas F Missile Silo located about 130 miles north of Albany. We specialize in gold mines, silver mines, copper mines, and a wide variety of industrial minerals including coal, oil and gas. Forbes Field: 548th Strategic Missile Squadron. LONA, LIBYA - SEPTEMBER 29: Missile silos form part of weapon caches abandoned by the Gadaffi regime in the desert at the military base of Lona on September 29, 2011 in Lona, 120km north of Jufra. There was an emergency escape hatch which could only be used from within the LCC. living in a missile silo has ALWAYS been my true dream!!! "the Atlas-D silos is the best houses ever, There is many a reason for a silo to be up for sale. See Our Inventory. Cyclone is a well-known and trusted name in the rural industry with a proven reputation spanning generations of farmers. From 1963 through 1987, the U. The result was the Minuteman ICBM. 125′ Diameter Power Dome Bldg. According to the Colorado Department of Public Health & Environment, six abandoned Cold War-era missile silos are hidden beneath the crust of the Centennial State: four are located in Aurora, one in Deer Trail, and another one in Elizabeth. Decades later, some of these bunkers are now abandoned. Derelict missile silo located north of Tucson on sale. Welcome to the premier industrial source for Silos in Florida. Now, after eight years of upgrades and renovations, he’s ready to give this missile site a new life and a new owner. Beautiful! I’ll look for that house the next time I go through town. " AIO oversees an extensive sanctions evasion network used to procure materials needed for Iran’s missile program. “He’s going to build a home on top, and. Properties for Sale. How does a cement silo for sale work. Southern Arizona is a hot real estate market for decommissioned nuclear missile silos. Access requires completing Officer on Deck. Our minuteman missile canvas art is stretched on 1. Minuteman missile silo, 1977 A view from the bottom of a Minuteman ICBM silo is shown in 1977. 8, 2020 photo shows decommissioned Titan II Missile silo complex 570-1 off Arizona 77 near Oracle, Ariz. 3 people watched. The paved road that leads to the Cold War relic is full of potholes. There is something about their immense scale, implicit secrecy, loaded history and and underground location that makes them an exciting target for urban exploration. The silo’s owner, Rick Ellis, told the Arizona Daily Star. Hall bought off the decommissioned missile base (which he says cost the government $65 mil to build) for $250,000. It is approximately 15 miles west of park headquarters. See Our Inventory. Circular design: A floor plan of one the subterranean apartments built on the site of a decommissioned missile site. Although I haven’t visited a Titan missile silo, I was fortunate enough to work for Martin Marietta on Pad 19, the Titan II pad at Cape Canaveral, the summer of 1961 as a student intern while attending MIT. Page 1 of 2 1 2 Next >. Decades later, some of these bunkers are now abandoned. Missile Silo State Holotape is a terminal holotape in Fallout 76. I've deactivated a few and its kind of coolThe equipment inside that we used to care and maintain was destroyed by us. August 22, 2012. Government Property for Sale or Disposal GSA frequently has surplus personal and real property which it makes available for sale or lease by qualified parties. Buried 60 feet underground and encased in four feet of concrete and steel, the bunker was designed to withstand a direct nuclear missile strike! Able to launch from its underground silo in just 58 seconds, the Titan II was capable of delivering a 9-megaton nuclear warhead to targets more than 6300 miles away in about 30 minutes. Discover releases, reviews, credits, songs, and more about Pere Ubu - 20 Years In A Montana Missile Silo at Discogs. Ellsworth AFB Minuteman Missile Site Coordinates. For Sale Former Nuclear Missile Complex Converted Into Home Discussion in ' Other Parts & Collectibles ' started by GTHill , Jan 6, 2021. Now the missile is gone and the launch control structure is converted into spacious living space with an eclectic spirit of peace. The silo is a fixer-upper, to put it mildly. The tower to the left in the photo is UNT's radio station transmitter tower. The 98-foot-long, two-stage missile was fueled by kerosene (RP-1 fuel) and liquid oxygen, and was designed to carry nuclear warheads. 3 people watched. The following is a list of Nike missile sites operated by the United States Army. A thick door and tiny concrete building leads to a 10-story underground abandoned missile silo near Roswell. Skip navigation Sign in. Whether you are looking for a temporary or permanent used bulk materials storage solution, we offer a selection of reliable options. Missile Base Specialists. According to the Realtor. Current agricultural news and events. The Launch Control Facility Delta-01 is 4 miles west of the headquarters. Browse 213 Silo on Houzz Whether you want inspiration for planning silo or are building designer silo from scratch, Houzz has 213 pictures from the best designers, decorators, and architects in the country, including Blue Sound Construction, Inc. Silo Mobile & Manufactured homes for Sale Click to Show More Seo Proptypes View our Silo real estate area information to learn about the weather, local school districts, demographic data, and general information about Silo, Denver-aurora-lakewood, CO. With construction complete, the silo was turned over to the Air Force for finishing and missile installation. Visit Sawyer Yards. 9 missile silos near Spokane held nuclear bombs. A former Sprint anti-ballistic missile (ABM) site in Fairdale, North Dakota, is now available for sale. The inside of the decommissioned Titan nuclear missile silo in southern Arizona. Subterra Castle in Kansas started out as an underground Cold War era missile base, but it's now a 20,000-square-foot mansion. Disaster Bunkers is a leading manufacturer of underground bunkers. In the view of many Lakota the last valid treaty between the United States and the Lakota Nation was one signed in 1868. At one end of the complex were the three missile silos, each 160 feet deep and 44 feet in diameter. Ed Thelen's page is probably one of the best sources of Nike Missile information. in December 2011. Cold War missile launch facilities for sale in Arizona (Henry Brean /AP) This Jan. Amazing and mysterious opportunities await the daring buyer. Missile silo for sale ultimate survival shelter 2012 shelter fallout military atlas-f missile bases for sale, Silohome. And on the upside, an abandoned missile silo home with some acreage may cost over $1 million. In order to guide these missiles, a dual radar system was established to track threats and adjust the trajectory of the missile. 5 meters) deep and measured 40 feet (12 meters) across, with each one housing a single missile. (see) Tells of the Titan II missile silo explosion in Searcy Arkansas. Abandoned missile silos become safe homes CNN ^ | Saturday, August 2, 2003 | CNN Posted on 08/03/2003 7:04:44 AM PDT by FierceDraka. Missile Silos For Sale. The silo is a fixer-upper, to put it mildly. Homes For Rent - missile silo for sale The content is nice quality and useful content, That is new is that you just never knew before that I know is that I actually have discovered. org also a temporary Nike site (/55-/56) [{Handa, D} (October 18, 2008)Missile Master building is now being torn down this week, October 18th, 2008. bank of batteries, chemical and bioligical air filtration, and more!". , here's yet another former Atlas-F nuclear missile silo that's been parading around as a residence. The Titan II was the largest land-based missile ever deployed by the US. Missile silo up for sale, ready to become family home Have you ever wanted a quiet little place in the mountains with a private runway and acres of land? If so, we've got the place for you. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex is now open. The year 1958 saw a serious economic recession in the United States. We love rockets — Rocket Report: Why SpaceX stays in LA, Russia moves on, buy a missile silo "THIS IS THE SURVIVALIST DREAM PROPERTY. Warren AFB became the nation's first operational Intercontinental Ballistic Missile base with the introduction of the Atlas missile in 1958. the missile silo itself is one of the few remaining atlas f silos that is naturally dry, with many interior levels and crib structure. At the time this feature on the missile installation near Belt was published in March 1977, Montana. An elevator raises and lowers in the former missile silo converted into a private residence. Beyond the sentry building an underground command bunker, hardened against a nuclear strike, two ventilation towers, and then a little farther on, 14 underground silos for Sprint missiles. BISMARCK, N. Constructed between the late 1950s and early to mid 60s, the Titan I missile silos were 160 feet (48. Buying a lighthouse is more than just a real estate transaction. It is actually part of a complex of 12 silos located around Texas and formerly run by Dyess Air Force Base in Abilene. America built 107 missile bases around the country during the arms race in the 1960s, including the Atlas F Missile Silo located about 130 miles north of Albany. The conversion of former Atlas and Titan missile silos and other government facilities/bunkers into a new safe and functional “hardened” shelter complex requires an in-depth knowledge of a specialized construction program management methodology and specific engineering expertise. Search News Search web. Each one exceptional in how they were constructed. The silo itself is divided into 2 separate silos. According to Windermere real estate agent Kelvin Wallin, 18 Titan 1 missile sites were built during the years 1959-1962 between Colorado and Washington state. Nuclear Missile Silo for Sale on Ebay. The condos start at 920 square feet. The Titan II Intercontinental Ballistic Missile is the largest land-based missile ever deployed by the U. On Sunday, August 27, 2017 a 21-year-old mountain climber was confirmed dead following a fall on the 14,000-foot Capitol Peak located near Aspen, Colorado. Missile Silo for Sale. The 10th Strategic Missile Squadron (SMS) was activated November 1, 1961 and Alpha-01, the first Launch Control Facility, was completed July 1962. The Nike missile facilities weren’t just an added attraction that just happened to be on the land. 0 bath property. Please note that pending board approval, Boing Boing's new secret headquarters shall be this "decommisioned" underground missile silo pending sale for $300k in Roswell, New Mexico where our space. Each one housed three missiles in underground silos. org also a temporary Nike site (/55-/56) [{Handa, D} (October 18, 2008)Missile Master building is now being torn down this week, October 18th, 2008. [8] North Korea is likely continuing to produce Nodongs for either domestic use or for sale abroad. I've deactivated a few and its kind of coolThe equipment inside that we used to care and maintain was destroyed by us. Back to school prep: Covid-19 has Teachers writing their Obituaries. The US thus had a bunch of unused and unwanted missile silo facilities for sale, and enterprising Americans bought them up. The Atlas F silo complex consisted of the main missile silo with an underground tunnel connecting to the LCC, or Launch Control Center. The complex was centered on the Missile Site Radar (MSR) site, near to Nekoma, North Dakota, home to the Missile Site Radar itself, as well as the 30 Spartan missiles and 16 of the shorter-range Sprints. 58-acre property is just a 20-minute drive from Tucson, in an otherwise remote patch of. There is an underground fallout shelter in at least one of the silos. There is a double fence around this area. It was designed as a virtual underground city with independent power, water, sewer, kitchen, bathrooms, sleeping quarters, and air filtration. And that buyer, a Tucson resident, has some serious plans cooked up. The four large snakes, including a female nearly 16 feet in length, turned up inside two old bunkers at a site where the U. 2 - Antenna Silos. Warren AFB became the nation's first operational Intercontinental Ballistic Missile base with the introduction of the Atlas missile in 1958. , bought a Cold-War era missile complex out in the wheat fields of. 2 million — see inside Mary Meisenzahl Jan 17, 2020, 2:40 AM. Most missile silos in the United States have been abandoned, Hall said. A decommissioned Titan II missile complex is being sold for $395,000 on the real estate site Zillow. 8 bps) The missile silo was a reinforced concrete structure with inside dimensions of approximately 146 feet in depth and 55 feet in diameter. Workers prepare an Atlas missile for a suborbital test launch at Cape Canaveral, Florida, on September, 17, 1959. A dozen or so are scattered through the country — one popped up for sale in Saranac, N. For Sale: On 23 mostly wooded acres, a nearly 4,000-square-foot, custom-built home with four bedrooms, six baths, an outdoor swimming pool … and three underground, 1950s-era U. Atlas Obscura writes,"Some calls have been from history buffs, some from entrepreneurs, and some from doomsday preppers, seeking a solid foundation on which to build their. Inside the former government missile silo turned state-of-the-art, underground condo complex with a pool and bar. Located in Upstate New York, the 185-acre property's backstory reads like a concept for a graphic novel. The silos, located in Dillsboro, were large enough to store a 41-foot Nike missile in an underground magazine, which could be raised out of the ground by a hydraulic elevator and be ready for launch. Dry Silo available for sale in Southwest (click here). picture of the avenger missile. From author's collection. Underground, this complex consists of a main missile silo (170 feet underground) and the Launch Control Center. The silo was connected to the missile control center by a 250-foot long access tunnel. This article lists sites in the United States, most responsible to Army Air Defense Command; however, the Army also deployed Nike missiles to Europe as part of the NATO alliance, with sites being operated by both American and European military forces. Reagan ordered all Titan II missiles be deactivated in 1981, and most of them were flat-out destroyed in the process. In 1965, the missile silo was decommissioned and the land was auctioned off. BISMARCK, N. Asking Price? Not That Bad From the 1960s to 1980s, 18 were built there, each able to fire a Titan II missile as far as 6,000 miles, with 600 times the power of. The following is a list of Nike missile sites operated by the United States Army. In remarkably good condition for its age, the deserted 18-story underground military installation, built in 1960, is on the market for $3 million. 1 days ago. Not to be confused with the one in Indiana, nor the one some 15 miles away in Plattsburgh, N. Own one of the rarest nuclear hardened underground structures in the world. The Shoulders of Atlas: Rural Communities and Nuclear Missile Base Construction in. Park headquarters is located at 24545 Cottonwood Road, Philip, SD 57567, just north of I-90 at exit 131. Silos For Sale on RockandDirt. For instance, the missile field of F. military once had a Nike Hercules missile firing range, the service said. Missile Base Specialists. Federal Equipment Company has used silos for sale that can meet the needs of your application. Located just west of Greeley and owned by Weld County, the Missile Site Park offers a unique opportunity for the public to tour a once active Atlas E missile silo. Eastern European NATO states have been. Atlas F Missile Silo A chance for a buyer to purchase one of the most unique properties in the world for a fraction of the $150 million dollars it would cost the government to build today. Now this old nuclear silo is up for sale. Titan missile base for sale (Google Maps). Missile site up for sale. From author's collection. 4 DEPLOYED DRONE AIRCRAFT BEHAVIOR 7 Building Relationships 7. They were built of reinforced concrete that ranged in thickness from 2 to 3 feet. Unfortunately, if you’re in the market for a decommissioned missile silo in Arizona you’re going to be up against a bit of competition. below ground, is about 25 ft. Air Force facility for support, deployment and launch of the largest ICBM missile system ever made. Browse 213 Silo on Houzz Whether you want inspiration for planning silo or are building designer silo from scratch, Houzz has 213 pictures from the best designers, decorators, and architects in the country, including Blue Sound Construction, Inc. Related Videos. It is roughly 100 feet down with another 50-70 feet of stagnant water, probably fuel, other liquids, and who knows what else. 3 people watched. The former RAF sites - in Harrington, Northamptonshire, and North Luffenham. These ICBMs are deployed in hundreds of silos and can be launched and reach targets within minutes, creating a nearly insurmountable targeting problem for adversaries. Light browning with minor margin wear, otherwise in nice condition. anti-aircraft. Realtor gives inside look at the the Arizona nuclear missile silo for sale. You will even find former missile silos, built during the height of the Cold War. And that buyer, a Tucson resident, has some serious plans cooked up. (Pifer) Sprint was an ICBM interceptor missile from the 1960s that was considered the final line of defense, a. March 30, 2004. With construction complete, the silo was turned over to the Air Force for finishing and missile installation. Properties for Sale. Many of the following missile silos and launch control centers are on land claimed by the Lakota Nation. Deactivated Titan Missile Silo Complex (724-A) Military missile silos hidden on the eastern plains of colorado that were "distroyed" yet show up clearly intact in these photos. The silo has been decommissioned, but it was once the home of the Titan II, which was the largest intercontinental ballistic missile in the Air Force’s arsenal. Photo by Mike Perleberg, Eagle Country 99. It is approximately 15 miles west of park headquarters. During the Cold War, the US built underground shelters in case of an attack. Whether you are looking for a temporary or permanent used bulk materials storage solution, we offer a selection of reliable options. The Titan 1 Missile Silo is for sale for $4. The Atlas F silo complex consisted of the main missile silo with an underground tunnel connecting to the LCC, or Launch Control Center. *Note* I have not done business with these people, or know how credible they are. Forbes Field: 548th Strategic Missile Squadron. Dry Silo available for sale in Southwest (click here). If the North Koreans had excavated a vertical missile silo, they likely would have saved the soil from that effort to be used around the bunker. It includes the pet park, climbing wall and swimming pool complete with water slide. The site is owned by Leslie Volochenko who had intended to refurbish it to its former glory. America built 107 missile bases around the country during the arms race in the 1960s, including the Atlas F Missile Silo located about 130 miles north of Albany. One fence is the main perimeter fence and the second fence is the fence seen in the foreground. How does a cement silo for sale work. The underground missile silo contained the Atlas F missile which was connected to an underground missile launch control center. Call us at (208)267-0000 and we’ll send qualified personnel to your house for an assessment. You can learn about near global nuclear war in one quick and efficient stop! The cattle guard was a nice touch (nobody wants radioactive milk!) The grass was very green!. Titan missile base for sale (Google Maps). The walls are over 8 ft thick mixed with a polymer in the concrete, and Atlas F`s are considered one of t. set underground in a secret location in kansas, united states, the survival condo presents itself as a missile silo converted into a luxury survival resort. 17 Jun 2008 | Posted by Member 17889454. Atlas Missile Silos. This Arizona Property is a decommissioned Titan 2 Missile Base. It was designed as a virtual underground city with independent power, water, sewer, kitchen, bathrooms, sleeping quarters, and air filtration. Amazing and mysterious opportunities await the daring buyer. This property is quietly being offered and is not being widely marketed on commonly used large listing services. A 10-story deep missile silo near Roswell, New Mexico may be the place for you. The Titan II was the largest land-based missile ever deployed by the US. Nuclear Missile Silo for Sale on Ebay. Fratricide -- explosions interfering with other incoming missiles -- was considered a big problem in the 1980s. , Montana, 38 replies Chances of Malmstrom AFB closing with nuke reduction,. A former US missile base that hosted Nike surface-to-air missiles in the 1960s to protect American nuclear warheads from a Soviet missile attack from Cuba is being sold on eBay for just over half a million dollars. The result was the Minuteman ICBM. A Cold War-era missile silo in rural northeast Kansas that housed a nuclear warhead 65 years ago and was later converted into an underground mansion is now finding a new lease on life as an Airbnb.